When anyone seriously sits down and reads the vivid account of the great plagues that destroyed Egypt, and the Exodus of G-d’s chosen people, the Hebrew-Israelites, they are sobered with the graphic portrayal of that one catastrophic era most noted and famous in world history outside the Great Flood of Noah. Here was an era that continued for six months with ten plagues in the land of Egypt, a brief interlude of seven days starting with the Great Exodus of two million Hebrew-Israelites in Goshen and ending over two hundred fifty miles south only the with the “Parting of the Waters” of the Red Sea and the destruction of the military might of the Pharaoh of Egypt.
Our conceptions of this august event changes dramatically in 1950 when a Russian born Jewish Psychiatrist called Immanuel Velikovsky wrote the book titled, “Ages in Chaos; from Exodus to Akhenaton.” Let us read with care as he outlines with graphic sweeps of that apocalypse that swept away the largest empire in the world, a sent two million Hebrew-Israelites whose lives had been reduced to slavery and were now sent on their road to freedom and their eventual emancipation in the Land of Canaan. As Velikovsky wrote:
Immanuel Velikovsky – “The biblical story does not present the departure from Egypt as an everyday occurrence, but rather as an event accompanied by violent upheavals of nature. Grave and ominous signs preceded the Exodus: clouds of dust and smoke darkened the sky and colored the water they fell upon with a bloody hue. The dust tore wounds in the skins of man and beast; in the torrid low vermin and reptiles bred and filled air and earth; wild beast, plagues by sand and ashes, came from the ravines of the wasteland to the abodes of men.
A terrible torrent of hailstones fell, and a wild fire ran upon the ground; a gust of wind brought swarms of locusts, which obscured the light; blasts of cinders blew in wave after wave, day and night, night and day, and the gloom grew to a prolonged night, and blackness extinguished every ray of light.
Then came the tenth and most mysterious plague: the Angel of the L-rd “passed over the houses of the children of Israel…when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses.” (Exodus 12:27) The slaves, spared by the angel of destruction, were implored amid groaning and weeping to leave the land the same night. In the ash-gray dawn the multitude moved, the leaving behind scorched fields and ruins where a few house before had been urban and rural habitation.”
Along the eastern shore of the Red Sea there stretches a mountainous crest with a number of volcanic craters, at present extinguished; some, however, were active not many centuries ago. One of these volcanoes is usually described as the Mount of the Lawgiving.
In the seventies of the last century a scholar, Charles Beke, suggested that Mount Sinai was a volcano in the Arabian Desert. The Book of Deuteronomy states:
Deuteronomy 4:11 – “The mountain burned with fire unto the midst of heaven, with darkness, clouds, and thick darkness.”
As Velikovsky described the works Charles Tilstone Beke (1800-1874), an English traveler, geographer, and Biblical critic from London:
Immanuel Velikovsky – “Beke explained the pillar of smoke and fire as the ignited column of ashes and vapors erupted by the volcano. He cited instance from volcanic regions showing that volcanic eruptions can produce black clouds of ashes that darken the sky and are sometimes swept over great distances.
Eruptions are usually accompanied by rumblings in the bowels of the earth; earthquakes and eruptions are often concurrent phenomena; earthquakes that shake the bottom of the sea created tidal waves that may retreat from the shore and then return to engulf the land, leaving destruction in their wake."
At the Sea of Passage, according to this explanation, and earthquake created havoc; and the reference to chariots that were unable to move (Exodus14:25) has its parallel in the description of the earthquake that accompanied the eruption of Vesuvius in the year 79 when Pompeii and Herculaneum perished, a description preserved in a letter from Pliny the Younger, a Magistrate of Rome to Tacitus (Epistles, VI, 20):
Pliny the Younger to Tacitus – “We stood still, in the midst of a most dangerous and dreadful scene. The chariots which we had ordered to be drawn out, were so agitated backwards and forwards, though upon the most leveled ground, the we could not keep them steady, even by supporting them with large stones. The sea seemed to roll back upon itself, and to be driven from its shores by the convulsive motion of the earth.” (The Late Dr. Charles Beke’s Discoveries of Sinai in Arabia and of Midian (1878), pp. 436, 561).
Beke did not regard the mountainous heights of the Sinai Peninsula as the Mount Sinai of the Scriptures…He announced that he was staking his reputation as a traveler and biblical scholar, and that, granted public assistance , he would locate Mount Sinai in Harra Radijla, “which was formerly inactive, but has now been extinct during many ages.” (Velikovsky,
Ages in Chaos, pages 17-18)
Beke’s idea was rejected by his contemporaries and ultimately by himself. (Beke, Mount Sinai, a Volcano (1873) Modern scholars, however, agree with his original theory, and for this reason they are looking for the Mount of the Lawgiving among the volcanoes of Mount Seir and not on the traditional Sinai Peninsula where there are no volcanoes. (The Late Dr. Charles Beke’s Discoveries of Sinai in Arabia and of Midian (1878), pp. 436, 561)
Thus the claims of the rival peaks of the Sinai Peninsula for the honor of being the Mount of the Lawgiving have been silenced by new contestants now believe that the volcanic peaks located east of the . It is true that it is stated:
Song of Deborah; Judges 5:4-5 – “HaShem, as You left Seir, as You strode from the fields of Edom, the earth quakes and even the heaven trickled; even the clouds dripped water. Mountains melted before HaShem – as did Sinai, the G-d of Israel.”
The melting of the summits of the mount called Sinai did not necessarily mean opening up craters in the mountain clefts, but might we consider the rock were turning into a melting caldron of the flowing mass of volcanic debris.
According to the famous Egyptian archeologist William Matthew Flinders Petrie and discoverer of the Merneptah Stele;
W. M. Flinders Petrie – “The Plateau of the Sinai Peninsula is covered with the formations of basaltic lava.”[W. H. Flinters Petrie, “The Metals of Egypt” Ancient Egypt (1915).
Nelson Glueck, the American Rabbi, Archeologist who was also President of the Hebrew University, and the author of “The Other Side of the Jordan”, wrote concerning the landscape of the Arabian Desert:
Nelson Glueck – “Wide stretches of the Arabian Desert also glisten with lava.” (N. Glueck, The Other Side of the Jordan (1940), p. 34.)
It was Christina Phelps Grant, who wrote about her travels in 1957 titled, “The Syrian Desert: Caravans, Travels and Exploration”:
C.P. Grant – “Lava formation, interspersed with extinguished volcanoes, stretch from the vicinity of Palmyra southward into Arabia as far as Mecca. Only a few thousand years ago the deserts glowed with the beacons of many volcanoes, mountains melted, and lava flowed over the ground from numerous fissures.”
And then according to Russian born Jewish psychologist, comparative mythologist and catastrophists; Immanuel Velikovsky:
Immanuel Velikovsky – “The celestial body that the great Architect of nature sent close to the earth, made contact with it in electrical discharges, retreated, and approached again. If we are to believe the Scriptural data, there elapsed seven weeks (49 days between Pesach (Passover) and Shavuot (Pentecost), or by another computation, about two months (Exodus 19:1) from the day of the Exodus to the day of the revelation at Mount Sinai.
Exodus 19:1 – “In the third month from the Exodus of the Children of Israel from Egypt, on this day, they arrived at the Wilderness of Sinai. They journeyed from Rephidim and arrived at the Wilderness of Sinai and encamped in the Wilderness, and Israel encamped there, opposite the mountain.”
There the Hebrew-Israelites watched with awe as they were spellbound with fright and amazement as they witnessed an apocalyptic inferno erupting before their eyes.
Exodus 19:16-19 – “On the third day when it was morning, there was thunder and lightning, and a heavy cloud upon the mount, and the sound of the shofar (“voice of the trumpet”) was very powerful (“exceeding loud”); so that the entire people that was in the camp shuttered (“trembled”)…All of Mount Sinai was smoking because Mount Sinai had descended upon it in the fire; its smoke ascended like the smoke of the furnace, and the entire mountain shuddered exceedingly. The sound of the shofar grew continually (“sounded long”) much stronger; Moses would speak and G-d would respond to him with a voice.”
Rabbi Louis Ginzberg, according to The Talmud and Midrashim describe the Mountain of the Lawgiving as quaking so greatly that it appeared as if it were lifted up and shaken above the heads of the people; and the people felt as if they were no longer standing securely on the ground, but were held up by some invisible force. The presence of a heavenly body overhead caused this phenomenon and this feeling. (Cf. Ginzberg, Legends, II, 92, 95);
Psalms 18:7-15, 2 Samuel 22) - “Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations also of the hills moved and were shaken, because he was wroth…He bowed the heavens also, and came down: and darkness was under his feet…at the brightness that was before him his thick clouds passed, hail stones and coals of fire. The Lord also thundered in the heavens…hail stones and coals of fire…He shot out lightnings…Then the channels of waters were seen, and the foundations of the world were discovered.”
According to the Book of Ezra IV in the Apocrypha and the Pseudo-epigrapha Earth and the Heaven participated in the cosmic convulsion. In the Fourth Book of Ezra the occurrences witnessed at Mount Sinai are described in these words:
IV Ezra - “Thou didst bow down the heavens, didst make the earth quake, and convulsed the world. Thou didst cause the deeps to tremble and didst alarm the spheres.” (IV Ezra (trans. Box), in The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament, ed. R. H. Charles.)
Velikovsky eloquently describes the role of planetary bodies (“stars”) that approached Planet Earth during the final days of the Hebrew-Israelites oppression. For all these apocalyptic events to have happened, the G-d of Israel would have designed that certain forces in nature or the affect of the relationship of certain planetary bodies upon Planet Earth would be the causation of the plagues that descended down upon the Egypt for the G-d of Creation imparts his will by using the forces of the nature in which He creates.
According to the Jewish catastrophist, Immanuel Velikovsky, the approach of a star toward the earth in the days of the revelation at Sinai is implied by the text of the Tractate Shabbat:
The Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Shabbat, 146a – “Although the ancestors of the later proselytes were not present at the Mountain of the Lawgiving, their star was there close by." (The Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Shabbat, 146a)
According to Midrash Shir (15a-15b) the pharaoh warned the Israelites not to leave Egypt, because they would meet the bloody star Ra (in Hebrew “Evil”), “Evil Star”.
An author of the first century of the present era, whose work on biblical antiquities has been ascribed to Philo, the Alexandrian philosopher, thus describes the commotion on the earth below and in the sky above:
Philo, the Alexandrian philosopher - “The mountain (Sinai) burned with fire and the earth shook and the hills were removed and the mountains overthrown: the depths boiled, and all the inhabitable places were shaken . . . and flames of fire shone forth and thundering and lightnings were multiplied, and winds and tempests made a roaring: the stars were gathered together (collided).” [The Biblical Antiquities of Philo (transl. M.R. James, 19170}
Referring to the verse;
Psalms 18:8-16 - “And the earth quaked and roared, the foundations of the mountains shook, they quaked when His wrath flared. Smoke rose up in His nostrils, a devouring fire from His mouth, flaming coals blazed frothy from Him. He bent down the heavens and descended, with thick cloud beneath His feet.
He mounted a cherub and flew; He swooped on the wings of the wind. He made darkness His concealment, around Him His shelter – the darkness of water, the clouds of heaven. From out of the brilliance that is before Him His clouds passed over with hail and fiery coals.
And HaShem thundered in the heavens, the Most High gave forth His voice; hail and fiery coals. He sent forth His arrows and scattered them; many lightning bolts, and He terrified them. And the depths of the water became visible, the foundations of the earth were laid bare; by Your rebuke, HaShem, by the blowing of the breath of Your nostrils. – “He bowed the heavens also, and came down”
Pseudo-Philo describes the events of Mount Sinai and says that the Lord “impeded the course of the stars.” (Ibid, Chap. XXIII)
Pseudo-Philo - “The earth was stirred from her foundation, and the mountains and the rocks trembled in their fastenings, and the clouds lifted up their waves against the flame of the fire that it should not consume the world…all the waves of the sea came together.” (Pseudo-Philo, Ibid, Chap. XXXII)
The Hindus depict the cosmic catastrophe at the end of the world age:
Buddhist.Visuddhi-magga – “The whole world breaks into flames. So also a hundred thousand times ten million worlds. All the peaks of Mount Sineru, even those that are hundreds of leagues in height, crumble and disappear in the sky. The flames of fire rise up and envelop Heaven. The sixth Sun or Sun age ended.” (Warren, Buddism, P. 323)
Similarly, in the Jewish tradition, with the revelation at Sinai, the sixth world age was terminated and the seventh began. (Midrash Rabba, Bereshit) ” (Immanuel Velikovsky, Worlds in Collision, Pocket Books, 1950, pg. 107-110)
Nearby in the region called Rephidim, the Bnei Yisrael (Children of Israel) met in battle with the Amalekites just before they arrived to the Mount called Sinai at Jebal el Lawz in Northwestern Arabia. Moses and Aaron stood upon a mount of 250 meters in height in what is today surrounded by a barren desert today. Yet, 3,550 years ago, this desert region could easily have been a wide fertile plain with lush pastureland for the cattle, sheep and goats that the 2 million Children of Israel were taking with them. This fact was suggested in the Destination Yisrael blog titled, “Was the Sinai Peninsula a Rocky Desert or Lush Wilderness Plains during the Exodus?”
As true to our nature today, as Lost Israelites returning to the “Torah faith of our forefathers”, the Jewish sages state that as the Israelites were reaching Horeb, while they were in route to Rephidim, they were complaining that they had no water. Water then as it is today is still one of the most precious commodities for human beings.
Consider how much water it would take for two million peoples on the move with all their herds and flocks? It was obvious that there were no rivers nearby. Even thought the surrounding plains were laden with forage the people and the flock had to have water also to drink. So when they were not able to control their surroundings they began to become anxious as there was not a solution in which they could control.
According to the sages of Judah in Parashas Beshalach:
Parashas Beshalach – “When they first arrived at Rephidim and saw that there was no water supply, the people immediately contended with Moses and demanded water. But at this point they still had water in their vessels and no one was going thirsty. Moses rebuked them, therefore, saying that they were challenging G-d to prove Himself! This contention of theirs was unjustified and unworthy of a reply, for if they were truly sincere they would have prayed to G-d rather than challenge Moses.
Admitting that he was right, the people withdrew for a few days, but then, when they actually thirsted for water, they came back and complained. According to Rashi (RAbbi SHlomo Itzhaki), a French rabbi who wrote comprehensive commentaries on both the TaHaKh and the Talmud, agreed that this time, however, they were justified in their request (though perhaps not in their aggressive manner of expressing it), and Moses interceded for them.
G-d put them through this ordeal because He wanted to train them to turn to Him in prayer whenever they were faced with deprivation. They should have realized by now that He was their Healer and Provider. Instead of turning on Moses as if the water spigot was in his personal control or as it he was at fault for taking them from Egypt, they should have prayed to G-d for water. This test they failed, and Moses was forced to ask G-d to intercede before they stoned him, because it was clear that they would not pray.”
The G-d of Israel was preparing to bring another miracle before His chosen ones, but the Bnei Yisrael did not have faith to wait. So HaShem took them to Horeb and there before them He would prepare for them not just water for their private water reservoirs but He would create for them a “river”. With the strike of Moses rod, the same rod that he used to part the Red Sea, would now prepare for them a river that would stay with the entire two million Hebrew-Israelites for the entire stay of the Children of Israel to provide water for them as they met HaShem, the G-d of Israel as He gave made them into a nation, gave them the Torah, His blue-print for their lives for all ages.
So today, we stand upon the epic era of another impending apocalypse that according to the Hebrew prophets of Israel and Judah will be a repeat of the plagues as they were given in Egypt. With all the legends, myths, and accounts of the ancient, the repeating trend has been that there was a “star” which in the Hebrew thinking was a planet with its attending angel that guided it in its voyages through the heavens.
Is it not incredible that once again we are preparing to witness the great redemption of “All Israel” as the Lost Ten Tribes of the House of Israel are being prepared to come home in unity and in brotherhood with the Jews of the House of Israel? This theme is consistent throughout all the prophetic writings of the Hebrews.
Is it not also incredible that we may be preparing also to witness what is called Nibiru, the Dark Dwarf Star that is the Twin to our Sun and its solar system and returning to rendezvous with Planet Earth at what is called the “end of the Age?” At this climatic ending of the era of man and the beginning of the Messianic Age, are we at the Lost Ten Tribes of the House of Israel prepared to participate in another Exodus as we are redeemed to the lands of our forefather?
Is there going to be also a “star” a true twin binary star that will be the “The Twin Star Nibiru as G-d’s Emissary of Divine Judgment”? Will this era also be a part of the passage of “2012 and the End of Mayan World Era?” What is known is that G-d’s judgment will be meted out upon the nations of the world and G-d’s divine mercy will be places upon His people, the Jews of the House of Judah and their Lost Brothers, the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel as G-d fulfills His Divine Promise to restore them to “Kol Yisrael” (All Israel).
You might want to Read the Series:
“From Exodus to Sinai”
All of have wondered how the G-d of Israel will bring all the prophetic events to their fulfillment at the time of the end. Watching the “Finger of the Divine” stirring up nations of the world is far more fascinating than watching a movie drama. The end results will be that all nations will pool all their economic resources at the “gates of Israel” and be prepared to once again to evoke the “Final Solution” this time amongst the remnant of the Jewish peoples that include all the Jews of the Diaspora that have fled to Israel as a land of safety before their life would be thrust into “the world to come”. And during this same time, the G-d of Israel is wooing each one of you, the Lost Ten Tribes of the House of Israel, to return and be stored back into brotherhood with the Jews of the House of Judah so that He will send His Messiah to clean house of all the wickedness and corruption on Planet Earth.
If you want to learn more divinely led prophecies, we invite you to Contact “Kol Ha Tor Vision”, the Voice of the Turtledove. Here you will discover is a joint Orthodox Jewish and 10-Triber Mission to bring awareness of the imminent fulfillment of the Biblical Prophecies regarding the Redemption of all Israel (12 Tribes Re-conciled and Re-United). This super Event of all Times will bring the restoration and the Shomron Region, the Ancient Biblical Heartland of the Patriarchs plus the Judean Wilderness as part of the entire Land of Israel. There we will witness the Divine as the “Land” will be restored and prepared for the Return of the Lost Tribes of the House of Israel and then the Redemption of All Israel.