As both the Pilgrim Calvinist Separatists and the Puritan political activists were stepping ashore at Cape Cod at the place now known as “Plymouth Rock”, there would be two dreams and two realities that would someday play out their roles upon the American continent. Equally mysterious was the fact that the famous “Plymouth Rock” was never expressed in any contemporary accounts of the Puritans landing until over 100 years afterwards.
The Pilgrims were Separatists, arriving from the Christian reformers in European called Calvinist Protestants. They had already rejected the institutional Church of England. It was their belief that the worship of the Divine came from within man, and that corporate worship in the style of Roman Catholicism and European State Religions such as England’s Anglican Church or German’s Lutheran Church interfered with the true establishment of a pure relationship with the G-d of Israel.
For the Separatist, the “church” was not an institutional hierarchy but was the “body of Christ” a symbolic union through the comprehension of true worship, liked the ancient Jews, in imitation of the life of the Jewish Nazarene messiah called Yahshua HaMaschiah (Jesus the Messiah). They believed that the worship of God must originate in the inner man, and that corporate forms of worship prescribed by man interfered with the establishment of a true relationship with God. The Separatists used the term “church” to refer to the people, the Body of Christ, not to a building or institution. As their Pastor John Robinson stated;
Pastor John Robinson - “[When two or three are] gathered in the name of Christ by a covenant made to walk in all the way of God known unto them as a church .”
The hopes and aspirations of the Pilgrims and the Puritans for a transformation of life in England had been fading for over a decade. Little did they know; did the G-d of Israel had new plans for their lives, even with their new dreams and new aspirations? For there was one thing they did not comprehend; they were descendants of the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel and their destiny was in Hashem’s hands.
Yet dreams were quickly cast aside for the more urgent realities. They had no homes or shelters, and they were beginning a winter that would soon ravage their meager supplies and kill half of their fellow companion English settlers.
According to their histories, the Mayflower actually sighted land on November 9, 1620. This sighting actually proved later to be the future Cape Cod and to the east of their destination at the mouth of the Hudson River by a considerable distance.
Not only that, they had to deal with the shoals or reefs off the coastline of Cape Cod and if the 1846 lithograph is correct, they disembarked in the “dead of winter”.
The Expeditions of the Puritan Pilgrims seeking to Find a New Home
On the eleventh day of November, the Mayflower finally anchored in Provincetown Harbor. They had been at sea now 66 days. On that day, the male passengers signed the famous agreement called the “Mayflower Compact”.
“The Landing of the Pilgrims, on Plymouth Rock, December 11th, 1620” – Notecards and Postcards., lith. & pub. c. 1846, by Sarony & Major.
Below in the hold of the ship, the crew brought up in sections a small coastal boat called a shallop, which they took ashore and assembled it over the next 16-17 days. During this time, a group of male settlers, armed, under the command of Captain Myles Standish went on an exploring trip to find the most suitable location in which to prepare a future settlement. During their exploration, they saw Indians afar off. They also discovered a burial cache of corn that the Indians had left in storage. This included corn and an iron kettle. This act of “thievery would later be a source of negotiations later with the local Indian tribes.
Then they sent out a second expedition, consisting of 34 men who traversed along the coastline in the shallop of the inner Cape. They came upon the remains of an Indian village with fortifications. Later they also discovered a burial site of an Englishman and more corn remains left behind as though they were discarded when fleeing in haste.
Over the weeks the weather was getting more and more hostile. The frigid winter weather was setting in place, and it was in this weather that in a few more days, a third exploring party of nine men was sent on an expedition over to what is today, known as Plymouth Harbor. It was on December 6, that they discovered what they considered to be the most ideal location of a home base for a permanent colony. Nearby was located a Native America burial ground with unoccupied dwelling places. So it was here that they set up camp.
Early the next morning at daybreak, they were attacked by unknown inhabitants, in which they exchanged the arrow with musket shot fire. They again proceeded up the coast in the shallop when a violent gale of snow broadsided their boat. The heavy sea pounded the little shallop, broke the rudder at the hinges, and split the mast into three segments. They continued to maneuver the boat into a harbor shelter on what appeared to be an island and there slept a frigid night
It was the “Sabbath” on December 10, that they rested but explored in part a segment of the island, later calling it “Clark’s Island” in honor of Thomas Clarke, the mate working on the Mayflower. Then on Monday, December 11, they stepped ashore at Plymouth, the “landing at Plymouth Rock” was now logged in the annals of history. Whether there was actually a rock they stepped upon was never recorded in the contemporary historical accounts. It would be another one hundred years that such a rock would rise in the legendary tales of the Puritans and the Pilgrims.
Then along the shoreline, to their delight, they discovered fields that had been cleared and nearby, fresh running water. After the official “Landing at Plymouth” they returned back to the Mayflower and reported their discoveries. On that day, the idea crystallized in the entire community of believers, that here was to be their new home. The Mayflower sailed to the new landing site in Plymouth Harbor on December 16, 1620. Within another week, the construction of a new settlement was officially underway.
The Harsh Winter of 1620
The winter was terrible by all historical accounts. Fortunately for them, the Mayflower remained and became a floating fortress offshore and until homes could be constructed in part on shore. The ship itself was cold, damp with no available heat, but it did provide shelter. The exposure to the elements reduced the resistance of the colonists, and malnutrition and sickness began to take its toll on their lives. In the first month alone, when they lived at the tip of Cape Cod, four of their company died but there one additional birth; Peregrine White.
The year of 1621 arrived and the harshness of the winter took its toll upon the lives of the Pilgrims. During this time, another 40-41 colonists died and a one time, there were only seven Pilgrims that were healthy enough to care for the rest of the living colonists.
The on January 14, a fire caught the thatched roof on their first residence in the cove, but fortunately the sick ones inside were taken out to safety. Yet at this time, the structure of the colony began to take shape as two streets with houses and gardens were laid out in rows and upon the hill perched over the village, six cannons were set into the construction for the defense of the Plymouth Colony.
Samoset introduces Squanto to the Puritan Pilgrims
Then with the break of spring, the settlers were busy planting seeds in their gardens when on Friday, March 16, 1621, the English Pilgrims and Puritans met their first Native American Indians. Out of the woods came a noble Indian whose name was Samoset, an Abenaki Sagamore from the region of Maine. He plus another Indian walked up to the village and stated in clear English, “Welcome Englishmen”. As they accounted, Samoset had learned English from the English fishermen who every year crossed over the Northern Atlantic to fish for cod along the Massachusetts to Maine coastline.
Samoset also revealed to them the earlier a great plague had wiped out the entire village of Pawtuxet Indian peoples that lived in the cleared region where they were building their new colony. The approach of the Englishmen, the Indians soon learned that they could not be trusted for when Thomas Hunt, an English captain arrived, his visit ended up kidnapping some Indians and taking them back to England.
Then during the awakening spring, on March 22, 1621, at the vernal equinox, Samoset returned for the second time. This time he brought with him a second Indian with regal bearings. They walked into the colony as though they had official business. Samoset introduced this Indian as Tisquantum, and said that he was an emissary of Massasoit, the tribal chief of the Wampanoag, the largest and most powerful of the Indian tribes in the New England region.
He stood quietly in front of their eyes. It was an amazing sight to their alarming eyes. Here again was another American Indian that spoke very good English. As Tisquantum greeted the English Pilgrims and Puritans, he brought with him a message of peace. He told them that this was also his home, or the villagers that once lived here were his people, until he was captured by Thomas Hunt, but now he was prepared to stay and live with them to become their guide to learn how to live in this new land.
Truly they needed his skills and comprehension of how to live and survive in this dense and forested land. He also noted as he walked through the colony the tattered and temporary shelters that looked somewhat like the ancient “succahs” or temporary shelters that the children of Israel lived in during their Great Exodus from Egypt.
Quietly a new revelation was coming upon this Puritan Pilgrims. The Providence from on high was bringing to them their salvation. He was actually to be a “messiah” to them. He would be the one who would ensure their success and from these roots a New Nation would arise upon the principles of the Divine and the Torah laws given to them also from the mount called Sinai.
Unknown to the Pilgrims and Puritans, the real meaning of Tisquantum’s name was “The Wrath of G-d”. He would literally save them from this “wrath” as the harsh elements of winter were turning into the blood of springtime. Soon Tisquantum had a new nickname, as they soon began to call him “Squanto”, a shortened version of what he claimed was his own name.
They learned that Squanto was one of the men who had been captured by Hunt. On his adventures abroad as a slave, he traveled from Spain, then escaped to London the capital of England, and then returned to his native land as a guide of a certain Sir Ferdinando Gorges, when he taught him about the ways of the Europeans.
Spring was now in full bloom and the remaining half of the crew of the Mayflower was anxious to return home to England. The colonists were now gaining a confidence with the assistance of their new Indian friends and were invigorated with the blessings of spring and they said goodbye to great friends who had endured the winter with them. So the Ship called the Mayflower left the colony, now named, New Plymouth on April 5, 1621.
Squanto guided the settlement leaders in teaching them everything from building homes from native trees and herbage, to training them how to identify food and plants to eat. He taught them how to fish, plant corn, fertilize their crops with fish remains for fertilizer. With their new corn, he negotiated with a fair trade value for the corn in which they stole that prior winter so as remain in peace with the Indian people. With their first diplomatic interchange that could have created increased enmity and tension between the Puritan Pilgrim settlers, Tisquantum, now Squanto became the colony’s principle interpreter and agent that assisted in their transactions with the American Native Indians.
Squanto, G'd's Emissary to Save the Pilgrims and the Puritans, the Descendants of the Lost Ten Tribes of the House of Israel
Yet, who then was this person called Squanto? As the Pilgrims were concerned, Squanto was part of G-d’s master plan and His Providence to save their lives. They felt that he was one in part of all the Indians that lived in the regions, not knowing that there were several tribes, and some Indians were free and part of their tribal family and others were slaves and lived with tribes that were not their tribal family. Such was the story of Squanto.
The year was 1614, and it would be another six years before the Pilgrims and the Puritans would band together and make that fateful journey to the New World on the Mayflower. Captain John Smith, whose name to fame has also gone down in history as the person who rescued Pocahontas, was the master of two British ships who were sailing to the coastline of Maine to barter with the Indians tribes for fur and fish to ship back to England. When he returned to England, he left behind his lieutenant, Thomas Hunt, to captain the second ship to load it with dried fish.
Against the directive of Captain Smith, Thomas Hunt took this ship and sailed south to the region known today as Cape Cod. There, in the year of 1614, they landed along the coastline of Patuxet (now Plymouth). It was there they met several Indians, whom they invited aboard their ship to barter and trade. One of these Indians was Squanto of the Pilgrim’s fame.
While onboard, suddenly the ships men captured them, locked them in “irons” and forced them into the hold of the ship for a six week sail back to Europe. As one of the survivors, Squanto’s fate, now enslaved was to be taken to Malaga, Spain and sold there to the Spaniards as a slave.
How the G-d of Israel intervened through a Roman Catholic Pope to save the life of Squanto from Slavery
It was to Squanto’s great fortune, that the country of Spain, under the overarching rule of the Roman Catholic Church, and now seeing the great injustice that they had done to the aboriginal inhabitants of South America had declared by the Pope, Paul III, a papal bull titled, “Sublimis Dei”, that forbad the Catholic governments under the overarching rule of the Roman Catholic Church from enslaving to depriving the liberty of the American Indians their freedoms and liberty. In the eyes of Pope Paul III, any intervention by the Catholic European countries upon the lives of the Indians had to be motivated by the perception of benefit by the Indians themselves.
Was Indian slave trading abolished from Catholic countries? No! Yet it did allow intervention by the Roman cleric, as in the case when Thomas Hunt, who took his ship not to England but down to Malaga, Spain. That was when Squanto was offered for sell, two Spanish Jesuit priests intervened to save his life. What then were they to do? Squanto somehow convinced them that they should send him home, but where was home? So began the travels of Squanto.
The two Catholic Jesuit priests, in an act of divine clemency, declared Squanto’s freedom and arranged passage from Spain up to the city of London. It was assumed that he was baptized a Catholic that would also assure them he would remain free. So in the fall of 1614, Squanto walked into the London office of the Bristol Company. This same company had received in 1610 the rights to trade by King James I, all along the coastline of the Isle of Newfoundland. Three years later, in 1617, Squanto, now a fluent and cultured Indian in the English culture, was on his way back to North America bound for the coastline of Newfoundland. Here he was stranded again, living in Newfoundland, still a 1,000 miles north of his native land near region of Patuxet, Massachusetts.
Squanto returns to his Home in the future Land of America
It was in the year of 1619, the Squanto, now a friend and accomplice of a British merchant called Thomas Dermer, he persuaded his friend to take him home. When Squanto landed again upon his own homeland, where his tribal village once stood, he noticed that the land was uninhabited. Not fully comprehending the Providence of the G-d of Israel, he was crushed when he learned that his family and friends had all died from the diseases spread to them by the English traders. Not even one of his family or tribe members was living. Squanto, now home, was orphaned from his own people.
He must have been a persuasive negotiator, for Squanto persuaded his British merchant benefactor to help him search for his own people who may have survived. Early in their quest, they were captured by warriors of Massasoit, the “sachem” of a confederation of Indian tribes of the Massachuset and Wampanoag tribes that once number over 20,000 native Indians. Yet, by the time that Squanto had returned, only 1,000 Indians remained. The rest had died from diseases that the European traders had brought to America.
The Puritans and the Pilgrims make Landing at Plymouth Plantation
It was just a few weeks later, by the Providence of the Almighty, a ship arrived near to the shores of Plymouth and a group of former politically active but disillusioned Puritans and Pilgrim separatists walked upon the shores of their new home. The G-d of Israel, the G-d whom they had once held the esteemed covenanted relationship as G-d’ chosen people of all the seventy nations of the world, these Pilgrims and Puritans were now exiled. It was not comprehended to them at this time it was because their forefathers had rebelled against G-d’s Holy Land, refused to worship on G-d’ House, refuse to accept the kings of the lineage of Kings David and Solomon. Later they formed their own oppositional kingdom against the Kingdom of Judah and the Mechoqeck, the rabbanim Torah jurists who defined the laws of just and mercy according to the laws of Torah, given to them from the mount called Sinai by Hashem, their G-d.
Yet, this time, even before they knew they needed a savior, G-d in his own divine providential brought to them a “savior” in the form of a “Red Man” who would literally save them from extinction. The settlers unpack their belongings and immediately began to build shelter upon the coast, where only a few years earlier, Squanto’s own tribal people once lived. Three months later, Squanto, the once captive who was rescued by two Jesuit priests, and who later was sent to England as a freeman, because of a papal edict that proclaimed that all Indians from America were “freemen”, was now again using his diplomatic skills to convinced the head “sachem” of the Wampanoag people to let him go as Massasoit’s emissary. He would negotiate with these people in peace, rather than attack them. Rather than annihilate these English settlers, and risk inflaming a civil war amongst the Indians, he would be on a mission to save both peoples.
The winter took it’s brutal as the winter blizzards and the English settlers almost failed to survive. In their weakest moment of time, when all but two Pilgrims were capable of carrying for themselves, they first met Squanto, and as Governor William Bradford of Plymouth Plantation wrote of Squanto:
William Bradford – “A special instrument sent of God for their good beyond their expectations. We also gain a glimpse that G-d uses at time
The First Year of the Puritan Pilgrims at Plymouth Plantation
Here was an account of their first year gleaned from the writings of their governor, William Bradford and Master Edward Winslow.
Governor William Bradford - “They begane now to gather in ye small harvest they had, and to fitte up their houses and dwellings against winter, being well recovered in health & strenght, and had all things in good plenty; for some were thus imployed in affairs abroad, others were excersised in fishing, aboute codd, & bass, & other fish, of which yey tooke good store, of which every family had their portion.
All ye somer ther was no wante. And now begane to come in store of foule, as winter aproached, of which this place did abound when they came first (but afterward decreased by degree). And besids water foule, ther was great store of wild Turkies, of which they took many, besids venison, &c.
Besids they had aboute a peck a meale a weeke to a person, or now since harvest, Indean corne to yt proportion. Which made many afterwards write so largly of their plenty hear to their freinds in England, which were not fained, but true reports.” W.B. (William Bradford)
Master Edward Winslow – “Our Corne did proue well, & God be praysed, we had a good increase of Indian Corne, and our Barly indifferent good, but our Pease not worth the gathering, for we feared they were too late sowne, they came vp very well, and blossomed, but the Sunne parched them in the blossome; our harvest being gotten in, our Governour sent foure men on fowling, that so we might after a more speciall manner reioyce together, after we had gathered the fruit of our labors; they foure in one day killed as much fowle, as with a little helpe beside, served the Company almost a weeke, at which time amongst other Recreations, we exercised our Armes, many of the Indians coming amongst vs, and among the rest their greatest King Massasoyt, with some nintie men, whom for three dayes we entertained and feasted, and they went out and killed fiue Deere, which they brought to the Plantation and bestowed upon our Governour, and upon the Captaine, and others.
And although it be not alwayes so plentifull, as it was at this time with vs, yet by the goodneses of God, we are so farre from want, that we often wish you partakers of our plenty.” E.W. (Edward Winslow) Plymouth, in New England, this 11th of December, 1621.”
The First Thanksgiving Feast
The first Thanksgiving feast included foods suitable for honored guests of which there were many; the chief leaders of the Plymouth Colony and the native American Indian leader Massasoit (“Great Leader”) who was also called Ousarnequin (“Yellow Feathers”) or sachem (chief) of the Pokanoket (region at the head of the Bay of Narragansett(
On the table was served the First Thanksgiving menu: the meat of venison, wild fowl, and Native American turkeys. Indian corn served as the carbohydrate staples of the meal no doubt in several and various dishes. Also they gleaned from the stored provisions that they had from England and Holland and from the native land of the Indians; spices, Dutch cheese, wild grapes, lobster, cod, native melons, pumpkin (pompion) and rabbit.
On that day, Thanksgiving 1621, the Puritans and the Pilgrims gave to the American peoples of the future a new vision, by capturing the vision of the ancient Hebrews celebrating their fall festival at Succot, that thanking the G-d of Israel for giving you freedom and liberties that prosperity would be giving back by the Divine.
It was several decades later, that John Winthrop (1606-1676), a prominent Puritan minister spoke from his pulpit the clarity of the vision of the Puritan vision of a New World Order, under G-d. He was not only a wealthy landowner, but a true leader of the Puritans where he served as governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony during most of its earliest history.
One hundred years after Winthrop’s death, these same dreams were clarified and embodied in the American “Declaration of Independence” and “America’s Bill of Rights”. This American Dream appeared also to tap into the subliminal dreams of a utopian society, that messianic society of the future age over two hundred years later. As Winthrop wrote;
Puritan Minister and Governor John Winthrop- “…we must consider that we shall be as a “City upon a Hill”, (and that) the eyes of all people are upon us…”
(Read the entire speech, “City upon a Hill”.
The Lost Tribes of Israel making a New Home in a New Land
This city as envisioned by the early colonists was the future New Jerusalem coming down during the future Messianic Era. To them it was a reflection of the subliminal dreams and visions of a perfect society, a Utopia, as a reflection and image of the Holy City where G-d’s throne resided.
Yet, whatever dreams and hopes you had with the future, must be coupled with closing the chapters of your past lives. It was the Lost Ten Tribes of the House of Israel who chose to rebel against Hashem their G-d, the G-d of Israel. It was during this time, that the Lost Tribes of the House of Israel that were embodied predominately with the descendants of the Egyptian Hebrew viser, Joseph, began returning to their ancestral roots as Lost Sheep of the House of Israel.
They had to reap what they had sown, and what their forefather’s had sown in rebellion, they now had to begin undoing. By their acceptance of the totalitarian apostasy of the early Roman Christian Church that evolved later into Roman Catholicism, they had to return to their former Hebrew-Judaic roots and undo what their forefathers had done. By accepting the apostasy of Rome, even in the 17th century, they were also accepting the yoke of the dark forces of Catholicism that portrayed itself in sinister ways throughout the medieval era of Holy Roman Imperial era of Europe. Yet the crisis for survival was not over. The next crisis was the attitude of partnering and working together as a team to create a new social culture in a new world.
Learning the Difference between Communist Idealism and American Economic Partnering
Within two years the colony’s economic organization was deteriorated and had to be revitalized. Spurred on by hunger and potential death, under the guidance of Squanto, the colonists had worked hard in the fields during their first year. With a successful harvest and a wonderful “First Thanksgiving”, there were those who wanted to relax and not spend the essential effort to succeed.
The second and third year, it was more difficult to get the colonists to spend the efforts to work the fields and the gardens and put their best effort in creating a good harvest and so their productivity in the harvest declined rapidly.
Bradford, their governor, pondered about what was going wrong. Then he reviewed their contract with the London merchants and noted that in their contract, it stated the stipulations; “Everything in the colony, including the crops, was to be held in common for seven years.” Two hundred years before Marx and the Communist Manifesto, the Pilgrim’s contract had the seeds of communist ideology imbedded within. It was destroying the vitality of the Plymouth community and new commercial enterprise.
Governor Bradford boldly abandoned the contract arrangement in 1623, and after that date, every family would raise its own corn. Never again would the Plymouth colonists ever go hungry.
The Guidance of the G-d of Israel in Bringing the Puritan Pilgrims to help build a "Land of the Free" and Home for Religious Freedom
And now we know the “rest of the story”. The Puritans and the Pilgrims that traveled the Mayflower may have disappeared from history the same the settlers at Roanoke Island in the year of 1587 except for the love and guidance of the G-d of Israel. We now know that the great love of the Divine for His Lost Tribers who were the pioneers of the Protestant revolt in Europe, set in motion the events that would lead to the redemption and salvation of millions that have used America as the path of freedom from tyranny and religious intolerance. Without the Pilgrim’s separatism and the Puritan’s legacy of political advocacy, the history of America would not have been a symbol of freedom and liberty for all mankind that has spread its beacon around the world for over 235 years.
It would be Pope Paul III, who was enthroned after; the Augustinian monk Martin Luther posted the 95 thesis he wrote in 1517 on the door of the Castle Church Wittenberg, Germany and after the sack of Rome in 1527 by the mutinous troops of Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire. He was became the pope who presided in 1540 when he approved the order of Ignatius of Loyola, who founded the Jesuits and the Society of Jesus and started the Catholic Counter-Revolution against the Protestant revolt.
We have to conceive that Hashem works in mysterious ways, when we realize that here was the same pope who declared that all Native American Indians were children of G-d and could not be enslaved. This fact alone set forth the emancipation of Squanto from slavery who was assisted by the Jesuits in his redemption first to England and later back to the home of his forefathers in America.
Such is the work of the Divine, setting in motion events years in advance, that in this case became the path for the redemption of the Pilgrims and Puritans who later become the iconoclastic images of “Giving Thanks to the Almighty for His Great Providence at Thanksgiving” by an Indian slave who was disenfranchised from his own land and people, saved and redeemed in Catholic Spain, sent to the land of the England, the oppressors of the Puritans and Pilgrims, yet at the “appointed time” assured the survival of the Pilgrim and Puritan patriots of the Plymouth Bay Colony in the year of 1620.
Destination Yisra’el’s Series:
“America’s First Thanksgiving between the Puritan Pilgrims and the Indians”
You might want to Read –
“The Lost Tribes of Israel as Hashem’s Emissary of Divine Judgment upon Rome”
Go to Part One – “The Lost Tribes of Israel as G-d’s Emissary of Divine Judgment upon Rome”
Go to Part Two – “The Legacy of the Visigoths and the Vandals upon Protestant Christianity”
The sages of Judah have spoken and their messages consistently in harmony with the Ancient Prophets of Israel that the G-d of Israel is involved in all levels of the redemption of His chosen people. These peoples include both the Jews of the House of Judah and the Lost Sheep of the House of Israel. It's time to open our eyes to this reality; a reality that will bring to its fullness with the Return of the Lost Ten Tribes of the House of Israel
We welcome you to explore “Kol Ha Tor”, a joint Orthodox Jewish and 10-Triber Mission bringing awareness to the imminent fulfillment of the Biblical Prophecies regarding the Redemption of all Israel (12 Tribes Re-conciled and Re-United). This super Event of all Times will entail Establishing the Shomron (the Ancient Bible Heartland of the Patriarchs) and the Judean Wilderness as part of the Land of Israel, and preparing the “Land” for the Return of the Lost Tribes of the House of Israel and then the Redemption of All Israel.
For inquiries about Kol Ha Tor Vision for the Lost Tribes of Israel, Visit – “Shomron Lives!”, a Spiritual Retreat and Guest House in Samaria.